Deir el-Medina: Village of Pharaohs’ Artists
In 1500 B.C.E, the Pharaohs tired of their own tombs being plundered by thieves, decided to hide them in a valley in the Theban Mountains: the Valley of the Kings. In another valley nearby, Pharaoh Thutmose I made plans to build a village that would house the workers of the royal tombs, and so Pa Demi (which means village) was born on a site that we now call Deir el Medina. From a small settlement, the village grew to accommodate almost eight hundred people! The city was abandoned in 1100 B.C.E and its memory was lost until 1905 when Ernesto Schiaparelli (Director of Museo Egizio) discovered it while excavating the mountain of sand that covered the village.